Chapter 23: Circulation and Respiration
 
Chapter Quiz
 
Pre-Test Activities Quiz Chapter Quiz


1 .       Which one of the following is NOT a function of the circulatory system? [Hint]



2 .       Closed circulatory systems ____________. [Hint]



3 .       In a fish, the cardiovascular system has a ____ pump, while in a mammal, it has a ____ pump. [Hint]



4 .       The function of the pulmonary circuit is to ____________. [Hint]



5 .       What is unique about blood in pulmonary arteries compared with blood in other arteries? [Hint]



6 .       Which chamber(s) of the heart hold(s) oxygen-rich blood? [Hint]



7 .       Where does blood go directly after it leaves the inferior vena cava? [Hint]



8 .       Which one of the following correctly traces a drop of blood through the circulatory system? [Hint]



9 .       Emphysema damages the tissues of the lungs and increases peripheral resistance, forcing the heart to increase its contraction strength to compensate. In which of the following would changes first be detectable? [Hint]



10 .       The blood vessels with the thinnest walls are the _____. [Hint]



11 .       _____ transport blood to capillaries, and _____ transport blood away from capillaries. [Hint]



12 .       Heart valves function to _____. [Hint]



13 .       The SA node generates an electrical impulse from its location in the ____________. [Hint]



14 .       What is atherosclerosis? [Hint]



15 .       What is the physiological cause of a heart attack? [Hint]



16 .       Which of these would help you in your quest to develop cardiovascular disease? [Hint]



17 .       _____ accounts for about 40% of all deaths in the United States. [Hint]



18 .       Your blood pressure is 120/70. The "120" indicates __________, and the "70" indicates __________. [Hint]



19 .       High blood pressure is also known as _____. [Hint]



20 .       You can increase your risk of developing hypertension by _____. [Hint]



21 .       Gasses diffuse across a capillary wall, moving between the _____ and _____. ( [Hint]



22 .       The major component of plasma is _____. [Hint]



23 .       Which of these transports oxygen? [Hint]



24 .       The primary sealant that plugs leaks in blood vessels is _____. [Hint]



25 .       Which of the following normally contains the highest concentration of oxygen? [Hint]



26 .       What is breathing? [Hint]



27 .       In order for a body surface to be a respiratory surface, it must be _____. [Hint]



28 .       Which is NOT an essential feature for an animal's gas exchange surface? [Hint]



29 .       Which respiratory organ is most often found only in fully aquatic animals? [Hint]



30 .       During evolutionary refinements that led from fish to mammals, why was a shift from gills to lungs necessary? [Hint]



31 .       What is the order of passage as air is inhaled into the lungs in a typical mammal? [Hint]



32 .       The primary functional unit of the human lung is a(n) _____. [Hint]



33 .       Humans produce the sounds of language by _____. [Hint]



34 .       In the United States, the yearly death toll attributable to smoking is about _____. [Hint]



35 .       Which of these can occur as a consequence of smoking? [Hint]



36 .       About how many years after quitting smoking does it take for the risk of heart disease and death to return to the levels similar to those seen in people who never smoked? [Hint]



37 .       During exhalation in a typical young adult human _____. [Hint]



38 .       Inhalation in humans is achieved by _____. [Hint]



39 .       In the alveoli and lung capillaries, CO2 and O2 are exchanged by means of _____. [Hint]



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