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Reading Quiz

This activity contains 29 questions.

Question 1
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Which of the following is a good example of evolution occurring in our time?
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Question 2
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A process in which organisms with certain inherited characteristics are more likely to survive and reproduce than are individuals with other characteristics is called _____.
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Question 3
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Which mechanism for evolution was proposed by Lamarck?
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Question 4
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Which of the following statements about early ideas of evolution is true?
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Question 5
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The title of Darwin's book in which he presented evidence that each living species descended from a succession of ancestral species is __________.
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Question 6
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What do we call scientists who study fossils?
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Question 7
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Which of the following is the study of the geographic distribution of species on Earth?
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Question 8
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The study of comparative anatomy __________.
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Question 9
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A challenge to traditional (pre-1860) ideas about species came from embryology, where it was discovered that __________.
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Question 10
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Which of the following is a true statement?
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Question 11
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Which one of the following was an assumption of Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection?
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Question 12
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Natural selection __________.
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Question 13
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There is a group of small fish living in a lake with a sandy bottom. Most of the fish are light brown, but about 10% are mottled. These fish are normally prey for large birds that live on the shore. A construction company dumps a load of gravel in the bottom of the lake, giving it a mottled appearance. Which of these statements presents the most accurate prediction?
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Question 14
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Which of the following is an example of natural selection that has been seen in our lifetime?
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Question 15
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Evolutionary biologists studying the evolution of lizard horn length found __________.
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Question 16
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If we study evolution of life as if it were analogous to a tree, a fork in our evolutionary tree would represent __________.
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Question 17
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According to current evolutionary theory, which of the following is true?
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Question 18
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The relationship of the genome to an organism is the same as that of the _____ to a population.
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Question 19
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Which of the following statements is true?
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Question 20
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According to the Hardy-Weinberg formula, the frequencies of alleles in a population will remain constant if _____ is the only process that affects the gene pool.
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Question 21
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Carriers (a person that carries the allele for certain inherited diseases) are represented in the Hardy-Weinberg formula by __________.
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Question 22
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Which of the following defines Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
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Question 23
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The population of American bison used to number in the millions of animals. Hunting and other problems greatly decreased the number of bison to about 1,000 animals. But today, the numbers are recovering to estimates of more than 200,000 animals. This crash in the population of bison and recent recovery is a good example of _____.
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Question 24
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Imagine that a new population of humans is established on a new planet from ten randomly selected people in your biology class. Over thousands of years, the descendants of those ten people reproduce and prosper, but do not reflect well the diversity of humans on Earth. This change in the diversity of people on the new planet is an example of _____.
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Question 25
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A significant consequence of gene flow is that it __________.
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Question 26
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In evolutionary terms, an organism's Darwinian fitness is measured by its __________.
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Question 27
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Blue poppies native to China are grown at a plant-breeding center in California, where those with the thickest leaves survive and reproduce best in the drier climate. This evolutionary adaptation of the poppies to their new environment is due to _____.
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Question 28
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What is the term used to define a secondary sexual characteristic in males, such as manes on lions or colorful plumage on peacocks?
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Question 29
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Sickle-cell disease is caused by __________.
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