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Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
This activity contains 20 questions.
In a typical long bone, spongy bone is found in the __________.
In embryos, the skeleton is primarily made of _______, but in the adult, most of the skeleton is _______.
hyaline cartilage; bone
elastic cartilage; bone
bone; hyaline cartilage
dense regular connective tissue; hyaline cartilage
Name the canals that, in dense bone, are the communication from the outside of the bone to its interior central canals.
Volkmann's (perforating) canals.
Single vertebrae are separated by _______, which cushion the vertebrae and absorb shocks.
loose areolar connective tissue
The _______ bones form the lateral portion of the eye orbits, are lateral to the nose, and articulate with the maxillae.
Which of the following statements regarding bone formation, growth, and remodeling is/are false?
Bones are remodeled continually in response to changes in blood calcium levels and the pull of gravity and muscles on the skeleton.
When blood calcium levels drop below homeostatic levels, the parathyroid glands release PTH, a hormone which activates osteoblasts in bones.
The process by which bones increase in diameter is called appositional growth, a process of long-bone growth that is controlled by growth hormone and, during puberty, by the sex hormones.
Except for flat bones that form on fibrous membranes, most bones develop using hyaline cartilage structures as their "models."
The ___ bone is inferior to the mandible, superior to the larynx and does not articulate directly with any other bone.
The coronoid process, olecranon process and trochlear notch are all found on the:
The coxal bones (ossa coxae) make up the:
hip and thigh.
vertebral column and sacrum.
The spinal curvatures in the _______ and _______ regions are referred to as primary curvatures because they are present when we are born.
The true ribs:
refer to the first five pairs of ribs.
attach directly to the sternum by costal cartilages.
attach directly to the manubrium.
lack the sternal attachments.
are the five pairs of ribs that either attach indirectly to the sternum, or are not attached to the sternum at all.
What are the names of the two types of bone tissue?
Compact and long.
Compact and spongy.
Flat and tall.
Cartilage and irregular.
Spongy and hematopoietic.
Which bone contains a neck, the greater trochanter and gluteal tuberosity?
Which of the following are paired bones found in the cranium?
Frontal and parietal.
Parietal and maxillary.
Frontal and occipital.
Parietal and temporal.
Sphenoid and parietal.
Which of the following bones is NOT a part of the axial skeleton?
Which of the following bones has an acromion process and a coracoid process?
Which of the following structures is a part of the ethmoid bone?
External auditory meatus.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the cervical vertebrae?
Presence of transverse foramina.
Modified atlas and axis.
Presence of facets for ribs.
The dense process on the axis acts as a pivot for rotation.
The vertebral artery is found in the transverse foramen.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a synovial joint?
Fibrous articular capsule.
Which of the following is NOT a function of bone?
Breakdown of proteins into amino acids.
Blood cell formation (hematopoiesis).
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