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Matching Quiz

Matching Quiz

This activity contains 21 questions.

Question 1
1 Match each of the following epidermal cell types with its function.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Produces a tough fibrous protein that gives the epidermis its protective qualities
B Present antigens to killer T lymphocytes
C Responsible for skin pigmentation
D Sensory receptor for touch
End of Question 1


Question 2
2 Match each of the following skin strata with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A A thin translucent band consisting of a few rows of flat, dead, keratinocytes
B Several cell layers thick, with intermediate filaments, keratinocytes and Langerhans' cells
C Many cell layers of dead keratinocytes filled with keratin (outermost layer of skin)
D Single row of cells composed of keratinocyte stem cells, melanocytes and Merkel cells
E 3-5 layers of flattened keratinocytes possessing filaments and keratohyaline and lamellated granules.
End of Question 2


Question 3
3 Match each of the following integumentary system layers with its primary tissue type.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Areolar connective tissue
B Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
C Adipose connective tissue
D Dense irregular connective tissue
End of Question 3


Question 4
4 Match each of the following skin functions with the mechanism that accomplishes it.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Potential to hold about 5% of the body's blood volume in numerous blood vessels
B Provides a chemical barrier as well as a mechanical barrier to ward off bacterial invasion as well as providing "waterproofing"
C Synthesis of vitamin D; destruction of cancer-causing chemicals; activation of some steroid hormones
D Activation of numerous receptors that are part of the nervous system
E Dilation of blood vessels and secretion of sweat that evaporates from body surface
End of Question 4


Question 5
5 Match each of the following with its associated skin color.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Blue
B Red
C Yellow to orange
D Ranges from yellow to reddish to brown to black
End of Question 5


Question 6
6 Match each of the following hair structures with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A The central core of a hair, consisting of large cells and air spaces
B Region of a hair that projects above the skin surface
C The portion of the hair that is embedded in the skin
D The intermediate layer of a hair composed of several layers of flattened cells
E Superficial covering of a hair consisting of a single layer of cells that overlap one another
End of Question 6


Question 7
7 Match each of the following hair follicle associated structures with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A A knot of sensory nerve endings wrapped around the base of a hair follicle
B Actively dividing cellular area of the bulb that produces the hair
C The expanded, deep region of a hair follicle
D Bundle of smooth muscle tissue running from the superficial dermis to the hair follicle; that is responsible for producing goose bumps
E Superficial wall of the hair follicle which is derived from the dermis
End of Question 7


Question 8
8 Match each of the following glands with its location.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Pectoral region
B Found all over the body except the palms and soles
C Most abundant on the palms, soles, and forehead
D Axillary, anal, and genital regions
E Line the external ear canal
End of Question 8


Question 9
9 Match each of the following integumentary system glands with its product.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Components of earwax
B Components of sweat plus fatty substances and proteins
C Sweat
D Milk
E Oil
End of Question 9


Question 10
10 Match each of the following nail structures with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Distal edge of the nail
B Proximal region of the nail, embedded in the skin
C Epidermis on which the nail rests
D White, crescent-shaped area under the nail's proximal region
E Visible, attached part of the nail
F Actively growing part of the nail
End of Question 10


Question 11
11 Match each of the following types of burns with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Damage to only the epidermis which results in redness, swelling, and pain
B The entire thickness of the skin is consumed resulting in the burned area appearing white, red, or blackened.
C Injury to the epidermis and the superficial region of the dermis resulting in redness, swelling, pain, and blisters
End of Question 11


Question 12
12 Match each of the following forms of skin cancer with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A The "most dangerous form" of skin cancer because it is highly metastatic; can originate wherever there is pigment, but often arises from existing moles, metastasizing rapidly into surrounding circulatory vessels.
B Arises from the keratinocytes of the stratum spinosum with lesions appearing as scaly, irregular, reddened small, rounded elevations that tend to grow rapidly and metastasize if NOT removed
C Least malignant form of skin cancer in which the stratum basale cells proliferate and invade the dermis and hypodermis causing tissue destruction
End of Question 12


Question 13
13 Match the following components of the ABCDE rule for recognizing melanoma.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Larger than 6 mm
B Inconsistent pigmentation
C Pigmented spot possesses notches and indentations
D Rises above the skin surface
E The two halves of a spot or a mole do NOT match
End of Question 13


Question 14
14 Match each of the following skin components with the embryonic structure from which it develops.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Ectoderm
B Neural crests
C Mesoderm
End of Question 14


Question 15
15 Match each of the following conditions with its description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Infection and inflammation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands that has spread into the underlying hypodermis
B Chronic inflammatory condition, resulting from an over proliferation of the epidermis, characterized by reddened epidermal papules covered with dry, silvery scales
C Inherited condition in which a person's melanocytes do NOT produce melanin resulting in pink skin and pale yellow or white hair
D Large, unsightly mass of scar tissue at the skin surface produced by excessive and prolonged proliferation of connective tissue during the healing of skin wounds
E Fluid-filled, raised lesions, common around the mouth and nose, that develop a yellow crust and eventually rupture, contagious
F A rare condition where hair follicles are attacked by the immune system causing the hair to fall out in patches
End of Question 15


Question 16
16 Match each of the terms with their associated skin condition.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Yellowish to pale green coloring of skin caused by an accumulation of bile pigments in blood
B Blood vessels of face become engorged with blood, face becomes red and inflamed
C Causes yellowing of skin, especially in palms and soles due to accumulation in stratum corneum when consumed in large amounts
D Caused by abnormally dense collection of dermal blood vessels (usually on face or neck)
E Increased production of melanin due to increased exposure to the sun
End of Question 16


Question 17
17 Match each of the following changes in skin color with its associated clinical signs of disease.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Fear, anger, stress, anemia, low blood pressure
B Liver disorder
C Addison's disease, hypofunction of adrenal cortex
D Blood clots beneath the skin
E Possible heart failure; possible respiratory disorders
F Fever, hypertension, polycythemia, inflammation, allergy
End of Question 17


Question 18
18 Match the following glands with their functions.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Secrete a hypotonic filtrate of the blood (99% water with traces of salt, vitamin C, antibodies, metabolic wastes and lactic acid)
B Holocrine glands that secrete an oily substance called sebum to lubricate skin and hair
C Modified sweat glands that secrete milk
D Contains same secretions as true sweat, plus fatty substances and proteins. When these organic molecules decompose by bacterial action there is an associated unpleasant odor.
E Modified apocrine glands that secrete earwax
End of Question 18


Question 19
19 Match each of the following hair colors with the basis for its color.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Replacement of melanin with air bubbles in the hair shaft as melanin production decreases
B Maximum production of melanin
C Absence of melanin; presence of iron-containing pigment
D No production of melanin; no iron-containing pigment
End of Question 19


Question 20
20 Match the following ages with the appropriate skin characteristics for that age.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Skin and hair become oilier as sebaceous glands are activated; dermatitis becomes more common
B Presence of vernix caseosa produced by sebaceous glands
C Epidermal cell replacement declines; skin thins; sebaceous gland activity diminishes
D Skin thickens and more subcutaneous fat is deposited
End of Question 20


Question 21
21 Match the following hair features with their description.

Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Loss of hair
B Coarser, long darker hairs.
C Body hair of children and adult females
D Genetically predetermined balding
End of Question 21


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